Social Desirability Scale
, 2016) is a personal-declaration level, that have 20 bits of dichotomous effect (yes/no), verified towards age groups inside attempt. Example products were “Have you ever detested somebody?” and you will “Maybe you have rooked anybody?” Before studies analyses, most of the professionals have been processed getting personal desirability, governing out teenagers just who obtained more M = , as they demonstrated a tendency to aired socially common solutions alternatively than simply opting for solutions that will be a real meditation of the behaviors otherwise thinking (Grimm, 2010). Cronbach’s alpha to possess full measure try.80.
Adolescents have been questioned one or two questions regarding sexting behavior: (a) abusive sexting: “Have you mutual intimately direct images or video off most other anybody instead their concur?”; and you can (b) abusive sexting victimization: “Have intimately direct pictures otherwise videos from on your own actually been mutual with others instead of your own concur?.” Solutions was rated since 0 = Zero, step one = Yes.
Youth Worry about Report
Youth notice report (YSR; Achenbach and you may Rescorla, 2001; Portuguese adaptation: Goncalves et al., 2007). New YSR are a self-statement questionnaire designed for college-age pupils and you will teens (ages 11?18) to acquire self-product reviews out of psychological, behavioral, and you will personal issues. Products are ranked to your a three-area size (0 = false, step one = a little or often real, and you will 2 = most evident otherwise tend to true), in line with the before six months. Within this study, the newest syndromes Nervous/Depression (13 issues; e.grams., “I feel meaningless otherwise lower”; ? = 0.85), Public Trouble (11 things; age.g., “I really don’t get along with most other infants”; ? = 0.78), Resistance (Code Cracking) Behavior (sixteen affairs; age.g., “I cut kinds or skip college”; ? = 0.60), and you may Competitive Choices (17 situations; e.grams., “I wreck things owned by other people”; ? = 0.84) were utilized. With respect to the criteria suggested from the Ponterotto and you will Ruckdeschel (2007) about your adequacy away from interior feel measures, and you can due to the marginal alpha property value Resistance Conclusion subscale (? = 0.60) and number of facts (sixteen factors), i made a decision to reduce this level away from statistical data.
Directory away from Callous-Unemotional Attributes
Catalog of callous-unemotional attributes [ICU; Essau ainsi que al., 2006; Portuguese type of the Pechorro ainsi que al. (2014)]. The ICU is a survey made to determine callous and you can unemotional characteristics toward a beneficial cuatro-section measure anywhere between 0 (“Not really genuine”) to 3 (“Definitely genuine”). Which measure has been used having systematic and you may area samples of young people anywhere between very early puberty so you can later puberty/growing adulthood (age http://datingrating.net/escort/sunnyvale/ groups = 12–2 decades). Three subscales were utilized: Uncaring (eight facts; elizabeth.g., “We cover-up my personal thinking out of anybody else”; ? = 0.86), Callousness (eleven affairs; e.g., “I do not worry just who We damage to find what i want”; ? = 0.72), and you can Unemotional (five activities; “I believe bad or responsible whenever i make a move wrong”; ? = 0.43). Regardless of if a low property value leader will be because of a great lowest number of inquiries (Nunnally, 1978), we made a decision to beat this scale out-of comparative mathematical investigation.
Youngsters Upheaval Questionnaire
Childhood shock survey [CTQ; Bernstein et al., 2003; Portuguese variation because of the Dias mais aussi al. (2013)]. New CTQ try a great 28-goods survey lined up so you can quantify mind-advertised youthfulness stress record inside teenage and you will adult populations (regarding a dozen years old). Solutions try counted into the a 5-area Likert measure setting step 1 (“Never correct”) so you’re able to 5 (“That frequently real”). Youngsters injury is actually measured having fun with four subscales: Mental abuse (elizabeth.g., “I was thinking one my parents wanted I’d not ever been created”; ? = 0.81), Psychological overlook (elizabeth.grams., “We experienced loved”; ? = 0.82), Sexual abuse (age.g., “I do believe which i try intimately abused”; ? = 0.89), Physical punishment (elizabeth.grams., “I believe which i is actually mistreated”; ? = 0.83), and Physical overlook (e.g., “I don’t have adequate to consume”; ? = 0.60). Per subscale contains five situations, and you may an additional three products are intended to scale one tendency to minimize or refute brand new punishment.